4 Credits, 5 Contacts

This course introduces the basic principles of ecology at the individual, population, and community levels emphasizing the characteristic ecosystems in southwest Michigan. Other topics will include the role of biotic and abiotic components and their influence on the distribution and abundance of organisms. It will also study the dynamics of population growth and species interactions (predation, competition, mutualism, etc.) at the community level. The course will also explore issues at the planetary level by studying the structure of ecological communities, ecological succession, and the applications of ecology to the problems of environment and resource management.

Prerequisite: BIO 121, BIO 122 or permission of the instructor/professor.