Changes are taking place within the healthcare facilities at the national and state levels in order to maintain the safety of clients within their agencies who are receiving care.
In September 2004 the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO), now known as The Joint Commission, which accredits healthcare facilities across the nation, enforced background screening and has set requirements mandating that students in a healthcare field must now complete the same background check as hospital employees.
February 2006, Governor Jennifer Granholm signed legislation to strengthen criminal background checks in long term care facilities stating, “This legislation is to protect our state’s most vulnerable citizens”. Long term care will include skilled nursing facilities, long-term care hospitals, hospitals with swing beds, intermediate care facilities for persons with mental retardation, home health agencies, residential care and assisted living facilities and hospices. This law is in effect as of April 1, 2006.
To be in compliance with JCAHO requirements, the above law and the Michigan Compiled Laws Section 333.20173a, students in nursing and allied health programs must complete background investigations to be able to use clinical sites. The student will incur the cost of the background investigation either directly or through course fees. Make sure that you are following directions from your programs prospective department before starting any background investigation.
Admission or readmission to any healthcare program will be denied for the following:
Certain felony convictions or attempt/conspiracy to commit a felony within 15 years preceding the date of admission; such as criminal sexual conduct, abuse or neglect, health care fraud involving a firearm, prescription drugs or similar felonies. For a full list of felonies, see MCL 333.20173a at http://www.legislature.mi.gov. OR any misdemeanor within 10 years prior to application that involved or is similar to the following:
- Abuse, neglect, assault, battery
- Criminal sexual conduct
- Fraud or theft against a vulnerable adult (as defined by the Michigan penal code or similar misdemeanor in state or federal law), but not limited to such crimes against a vulnerable adult.
- Criminal activity involving controlled substances such as sale, possession, distribution or transfer of various narcotics or controlled substances.
For a full list of misdemeanors, see MCL 333.20173a at http://www.legislature.mi.gov.
Once admitted to an Allied Health/Nursing program or nurse aide course, students subsequently convicted of crimes listed above will be dismissed from the Allied Health/Nursing Program or Nurse Aide Course. It is the student’s responsibility to report changes in the status of his/her criminal background to the Director of Allied Health or Nursing no later than 3 days after the occurrence.
Adopted 4/12/06, revised 2/10, 2/13, 2/16