Title IX (United States Education Amendments of 1972)
Title IX regulations include behaviors based on gender that deny a student the ability to fully participate in their educational experience. This includes all forms of sexual violence including sexual harassment, sexual assault, stalking, dating violence and domestic violence.
Definitions of Sexual Misconduct
of Sexual Assault or Sexual Abuse
State of Michigan 24 Hour Sexual
Assault Hotline: 1-855-VOICES4
Domestic and Sexual Abuse Services
(DASAS) 24 hour line: 1-800-828-2023
Community Mental Health and
Substance Abuse Services: 1-269-467-1000
CMH after hours: 1-800-622-3967
(Crisis Line can provide information to callers)
Expectation of Consent
The expectations of our community regarding sexual conduct can be summarized as follows: In order for individuals to engage in sexual activity of any type with each other, there must be clear, knowing and voluntary consent prior to and during sexual activity. Consent is sexual permission. Consent can be given by word or action, but non-verbal consent is not as clear as talking about what you want sexually and what you don’t.
Some important things to know about consent:
Consent to some form of sexual activity cannot be automatically taken as consent to any other form of sexual activity. Silence–without actions demonstrating permission–cannot be assumed to show consent.
There is a difference between seduction and coercion. Coercing someone into sexual activity violates this policy in the same way as physically forcing someone into sex. Coercion happens when someone is pressured unreasonably for sex.
Because alcohol or other drug use can place the capacity to consent in question, sober sex is less likely to raise such questions. When alcohol or other drugs are being used, a person will be considered unable to give valid consent if they cannot fully understand the details of a sexual interaction (who, what, when, where, why or how) because they lack the capacity to reasonably understand the situation. Individuals who consent to sex must be able to understand what they are doing.
Under this policy, “no” always means “no”, and “yes” may not always mean “yes.” Anything but clear, knowing and voluntary consent to any sexual activity is equivalent to a “no.”
Reporting Sexual Misconduct
You can seek advice from certain resources that are not required to tell anyone else your private, personally identifiable information unless there is cause for fear for your safety, or the safety of others. If you are unsure of someone’s duties and ability to maintain your privacy, ask them before you talk to them. They will be able to tell you, and help you make decisions about who can best help you.
Personally identifiable information will be shared in the event that the incident reveals a need to protect you or other members of the community. If personally identifiable information is shared, it will only be shared as necessary with as few people as possible, and all efforts will be made to protect your privacy.
Formal Reporting Options
You are encouraged to submit a College Concerns Form. You may also speak to officials of the institution to make formal reports of incidents (deans or other administrators with supervisory responsibilities, campus security, and human resources). The college considers these people to be “responsible employees.” Notice to them is official notice to the institution. You have the right and can expect to have incidents of sexual misconduct to be taken seriously by the institution when formally reported, and to have those incidents investigated and properly resolved through administrative procedures. Formal reporting means that only people who need to know will be told and information will be shared only as necessary with investigators, witnesses, and the accused individual.
Be an Active Bystander
- Be aware of your surroundings. You can often tell when a person is in danger. Many times in sexual violence situations, bystanders were able to see that something was not right.
- Recognize it as a problem. As you are active in your surroundings, keep an eye open for behaviors that you recognize to be a problem.
- Feel Responsible to Act. Each individual must accept the fact that it is his responsibility to act. Many times people feel that somebody else will take care of the situation, or that it is none of their business. It is up to each person to take responsibility and react to situations they see.
- Make a plan. Be aware of the different options to intervene. Once you take a look at the situation, determine the best course of action to prevent the act.
- Safely Intervene. Take action and stand up for the safety of others. When taking action, make sure you do not to place yourself in unnecessary danger.
Title IX Coordinator
The College Sexual Misconduct Policy shall apply to conduct that occurs on college premises, at college- sponsored activities, and to off-campus conduct that adversely affects the college community and/or the pursuit of its objectives. All reports of sexual misconduct will be handled by the Dean of Student Services:
Monday – Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
M-Th, 7:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (closed on Fridays)